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Khakas is spoken in the Republic of Khakassia, in the southern part of Siberia, Russian Federation. Ethnic Khakassians make up about 11% of the republic's population.
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Republic of Khakassia
The 1989 census stated that the the Khakas people numbered 78,000, of which 76,1% were native speakers. For more information, view The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire. The Endangered Languages Project has estimations varying from 6000 to 64,810 speakers (worldwide).
The Soviet Union placed major strains and limits to the Khakas language and culture, which strongly diminished as a consequence during this period 1).
Textbooks in Khakas have been approved by Moscow in 20152).
According to the Khakas constitution (1995), and the Language Law (1992) Khakas is the second official language, after Russian, in the Republic.3)
According to the Language Law of the Republic of Khakassia, have the right to study their native language, but it is not obligatory. 4)
There has been an increase in number of schools, classes and children learning Khakas as a subject, from 50% of Khakas children in 1994, to 70% in 2004. In addition, by 2004, Khakas was also taught in urban schools (8 schools in the capital of Khakassia, Abakan, corresponding to 35% of the Khakas children) and in kindergarten 5)
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