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languages:kets_in_the_russian_federation

Ket in Russia

Language designations:

  • In the language itself: денг
  • ISO 639-3 standard: ket

Language vitality:

Linguistic aspects:

  • Classification: Yeniseian → Northern Yeniseian, for more information, see ket1243 at Glottolog
  • Script: Cyrillic. In the Soviet period the written Ket language was based on the alphabet that was common to the people of the north. In 1986 a new cyrillic Ket alphabet with 32 letters was created by E. Kreinovich. 1) G.K. Werner has developed the alphabet and writing in Cyrillic symbols for Ket textbooks in the 1990s. 2) See Russian legislation concerning script.

Language standardization:

Demographics

Language Area

The Ket are the only survivors of an ancient group that lived throughout central southern Siberia. 3) The Ket population now lives along the Yenisei river and its tributaries. The majority lives in the Kellog Village on the Yelogui River, which is accessible only by boat. 4)

operating instructions

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keyboard operation

Keyboard operation becomes available after activating the map using the tab key (the map will show a focus indicator ring).

  • moving using the arrow keys you can move the map
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  • switching themes or maps clicking on the ≡ icon on the right-hand side of the map you can view and select available maps and themes
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It's possible that some of the functions or buttons describe above have been disabled by the page author or the administrator

Europe

 

Points of Interest
id symbol latitude longitude description
Europe
1 marker-gold 62.6236º 87.7148º

Ket language

Speaker numbers

Total population Native speakers
Census 1926 1428 1225
Census 1959 1019 785
Census 1970 1182 885
Census 1979 1122 510
Census 1989 1113 537
Census 2002 1494 485
Census 2010 1220 210

Source: Vahtre & Viikberg (1991)5), Kryukova (2013) 6), Ethnologue 7)


Language and education legislation:

History of language education:

Legislation of the Russian Federation:

The Constitution of Russia states that “everyone shall have the right to education”. This is further detailed in the Federal Law on Education. In Russia one has the right to receive education in the native language and the government is required to provide the opportunities for minorities in Russia to learn their language(s). 8)

Federal legislation:

Educational legislation:


Education in practice

  • The Kellog village is the only place where Ket is taught. Children study the language in the 2nd till the 8th grade in primary school, for only one hour per week. Special textbooks written by G.K. Werner are used from the 2nd till the 4th grade. In the other grades the teachers use literature about the Ket culture which is written in Russian. 9)
  • The Department of Siberian Indigenous Languages trains and consults teachers and provides teaching material as well. The Department has organised several seminars for Ket language teachers in which they got practical training in teaching native languages and information about internet resources that can be used for teaching Ket.10)
Academic Year Number of students learning Ket
1988/89 -
1990/91 15
1991/92 134
1992/93 142
1993/94 123

Source: Bulatova (2009) 11)

Bodies controlling enforcement of educational laws:


Educational institutions and learning resources:

Educational institutions

The Department of Siberian Indigenous Languages is concerned with the training of teachers. They provide teaching material as well.

Resources

1)
Vahtre, L. & Viikberg, J. (1991). The Red Book of the People of the Russian Empire. Available at: https://www.eki.ee/books/redbook/kets.shtml.
2) , 6)
Kryukova, E.(2013). The Ket language: from descriptive linguistics to interdisciplinary research. Available at: http://ling.tspu.edu.ru/en/archive.html?year=2013&issue=1&article_id=3970
3)
Vadja, E.J. (2000). The Ket and Other Yeniseian Peoples. Available at: http://pandora.cii.wwu.edu/vajda/ea210/ket.htm.
4)
Vajda, E.J. (2009). Loanwords in Ket. Available at: //linguistics.uoregon.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Vajda-Ket-Loans.pdf
5)
Vahtre, L. & Viikberg, J. (1991). The Red Book of the People of the Russian Empire. Available at: https://www.eki.ee/books/redbook/kets.shtml.
8)
The Law Library of Congress (2016). Constitutional Right to an Education: Russia . Retrieved January 2017. Available at: https://www.loc.gov/law/help/constitutional-right-to-an-education/russia.php#Constitutional.
9) , 10)
Kryukova, E.(2013). The Ket language: from descriptive linguistics to interdisciplinary research. Available at: http://ling.tspu.edu.ru/en/archive.html?year=2013&issue=1&article_id=3970
11)
Bulatova, N Ya. (2009). Sociolinguistic Situation of the Minority Languages of the Indigenous Peoples of the Far North. Senri Ethnological Studies 72: 161-166
languages/kets_in_the_russian_federation.txt · Last modified: 2020/09/08 10:46 by ydwine

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