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Is there a standardized orthography in use? Which institution maintains this orthography?
Aromanian is spoken in seven countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, and Serbia.
In Albania: Fier County, Mbrostar commune; far southeast, Gjirokastër and Korçë counties; also in Tiranë area.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina: (non-indigenous)
In Bulgaria: Pazardzhit province: Peshtera, Velingrad, and Rakitovo municipalities; Kyustendil and Blagoevgrad provinces. (non-indigenous)
In Greece: Epirus and Western Macedonia, Macedonia and Thrace, and Thessaly and Central Greece administrative units(villages of Gourgiotisa, Octhia, Stratos, Agrambelo, Paleomanina, Stroggylovouni, Manina Blyzanon); Pindus mountains, western Ioannina, southwest Trikala, southwest corner, Grevena; Pella area, southeast of Lake Vegoritis and into Imathia; central zone, Kastoria into Florina and Kozani. Major cities like Athens, Thessaloniki, Larisa, Trikala and scattered urban communities in various cities in Greece and abroad where Aromanians have moved after the 2nd World War.
In Macedonia: Bitola, Resen, Prilep, Struga, and Ohrid municipalities; Skopje, Stip, Krusevo, Kocani-Vinica, Sveti Nikole, Kumanovo, and Gevgelija; southwest, north of Ohrid and Presba lakes.
In Romania: Constanta and Tulcea departments; Dobrudja region; major cities like Bucharest. (non-indigenous)
In Serbia: Belgrade City, Nis, and scattered urban communities in Vojvodine and Kosovo. (non-indigenous)
There are several dialects of Aromanian, which can be classified as belonging to one of two larger dialect groups: rrămănești or armâneaști.
(Sources: Kahl, Thede. 2005. “Offene Fragen in der Erforschung des Aromunischen und seiner Dialekte”. In A. N. Sobolev and A. Yu. Rusakov (eds.), Jazyki i Dialekty Malyx Ètniceskix Grupp na Balkanax, 155-166. Sankt-Peterburg: Biblion.
Simons, Gary F. and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2017. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Twentieth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com.)
In all countries: 502,160
(Source: Simons, Gary F. and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2017. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Twentieth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com.)
Presence of the language in the country's school system
Published, broadcasted, or online learning resources
Please describe legislation concerning education of the language. Distinguish between different levels of legislation. For instance, legislation concerning Aragonese language education in Aragon (Spain) is affected by:
Questions that may be discussed in this section:
Feel free to add additional points, not included in the list above.
The Greek authorities do not recognise Aromanians as a different ethnic group, considering them rather as “Vlach- (or Latin-) speaking Greeks”. Nor is Aromanian used in the judicial and administrative fields or the media, apart from the occasional showing of folk dances and songs on television and radio. Greece has a Pan-Hellenic Union of Vlach Cultural Associations, which was set up in 1985 and comprises some 100 local associations, which conduct a wide range of cultural activities in several different fields. However, the Pan-Hellenic Union of Vlah Cultural Associations has not promoted up until now the revitalization, study and teaching of the Aromanian language. Only very recently was the creation of a committee for the language preservation announced.
If information is available, please discuss whether:
Feel free to add additional points, not included in the list above, and to structure your information using chapter headings, e.g.:
There is no institutional support for education of the language.
To what extent is language education available in the area under scrutiny:
Can you say anything about to what extent education of the language helps to preserve it:
Feel free to add additional points, not included in the list above, and to structure your information using chapter headings.
For learning Aromanian online:
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