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Is there a standardized orthography in use? Which institution maintains this orthography?
Aromanian is spoken in seven countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, and Serbia.
In Albania: Fier County, Mbrostar commune; far southeast, Gjirokastër and Korçë counties; also in Tiranë area.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina: (non-indigenous)
In Bulgaria: Pazardzhit province: Peshtera, Velingrad, and Rakitovo municipalities; Kyustendil and Blagoevgrad provinces. (non-indigenous)
In Greece: Epirus and Western Macedonia, Macedonia and Thrace, and Thessaly and Central Greece administrative units(villages of Gourgiotisa, Octhia, Stratos, Agrambelo, Paleomanina, Stroggylovouni, Manina Blyzanon); Pindus mountains, western Ioannina, southwest Trikala, southwest corner, Grevena; Pella area, southeast of Lake Vegoritis and into Imathia; central zone, Kastoria into Florina and Kozani. Major cities like Athens, Thessaloniki, Larisa, Trikala and scattered urban communities in various cities in Greece and abroad where Aromanians have moved after the 2nd World War.
In Macedonia: Bitola, Resen, Prilep, Struga, and Ohrid municipalities; Skopje, Stip, Krusevo, Kocani-Vinica, Sveti Nikole, Kumanovo, and Gevgelija; southwest, north of Ohrid and Presba lakes.
In Romania: Constanta and Tulcea departments; Dobrudja region; major cities like Bucharest. (non-indigenous)
In Serbia: Belgrade City, Nis, and scattered urban communities in Vojvodine and Kosovo. (non-indigenous)
There are several dialects of Aromanian, which can be classified as belonging to one of two larger dialect groups: rrămănești or armâneaști.
(Sources: Kahl, Thede. 2005. “Offene Fragen in der Erforschung des Aromunischen und seiner Dialekte”. In A. N. Sobolev and A. Yu. Rusakov (eds.), Jazyki i Dialekty Malyx Ètniceskix Grupp na Balkanax, 155-166. Sankt-Peterburg: Biblion.
Simons, Gary F. and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2017. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Twentieth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com.)
In all countries: 502,160
(Source: Simons, Gary F. and Charles D. Fennig (eds.). 2017. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Twentieth edition. Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com.)
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