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languages:breton_in_france [2021/05/26 16:14]
ydwine [Education in practice]
languages:breton_in_france [2021/05/27 11:06] (current)
ydwine [Mercator's Regional Dossier]
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 ====== Breton in France ====== ====== Breton in France ======
 +
 +
  
 ==== Language designations:​ ==== ==== Language designations:​ ====
Line 13: Line 15:
  
 ==== Language standardization:​ ===== ==== Language standardization:​ =====
 +
 +Breton knows several varieties, with Kerneveg, Leoneg, Tregerieg in  the  centre ​ and  north-western ​ part  of  Brittany, and Gwenedeg in  the  southeast.((Vallerie,​ M. & Bouroulleg, C. (2019). Breton: The Breton language in education in France (3rd ed.). Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualismand Language Learning.))
  
 Breton has known many ortographies,​ and Breton has been written since the 6th Century((Ager,​ S. (n.d.). //Breton (ar brezhoneg)//​. Omniglot. [[https://​www.omniglot.com/​writing/​breton.htm]].)). In the 20th century, several orthographies were produced to try encompass the regional variations an/or to create a universal spelling: ​ Breton has known many ortographies,​ and Breton has been written since the 6th Century((Ager,​ S. (n.d.). //Breton (ar brezhoneg)//​. Omniglot. [[https://​www.omniglot.com/​writing/​breton.htm]].)). In the 20th century, several orthographies were produced to try encompass the regional variations an/or to create a universal spelling: ​
-  * 1941:​Peurunvan('​totally unified'​)/​zedacheg (for digraph zh)/KLTGw (the four variety'​s initials). ​ +  * 1941: Peurunvan('​totally unified'​)/​zedacheg (for digraph zh)/KLTGw (the four variety'​s initials). 
 +    * Peurunvan remains the most popular in use((Gutman,​ A. & Avanzati, B. (2013).//​Breton.//​The Language Gulper.[[http://​www.languagesgulper.com/​eng/​Breton.html]].)) ((Ager, S. (n.d.). //Breton (ar brezhoneg)//​. Omniglot. [[https://​www.omniglot.com/​writing/​breton.htm]].)).
   * 1954: Orthographie Universitaire   * 1954: Orthographie Universitaire
   * 1970: Etrerannyezhel (‘interdialectal’)   * 1970: Etrerannyezhel (‘interdialectal’)
  
-Peurunvan remains the most popular ​in use((GutmanA. & AvanzatiB. (2013).//Breton.//The Language Gulper.[[http://​www.languagesgulper.com/​eng/​Breton.html]].)) ((AgerS(n.d.). //Breton (ar brezhoneg)//Omniglot. [[https://​www.omniglot.com/​writing/​breton.htm]].))+A unified language has emerged ​in the 20th century, a development which has been reinforced by the development of bilingual education and by the media.((VallerieM. & BouroullegC. (2019). Breton: ​The Breton ​language in education in France (3rd ed.). Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualismand Language Learning.)) In 2019, almost all speakers under the age of 50 could read and write the language to some extent.((VallerieM& Bouroulleg, C(2019). Breton: The Breton language in education in France ​(3rd ed.). Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualismand Language Learning.))
  
 ===== Demographics ===== ===== Demographics =====
languages/breton_in_france.1622038441.txt.gz · Last modified: 2021/05/26 16:14 by ydwine

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