User Tools

Site Tools


languages:occitan_in_italy

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
languages:occitan_in_italy [2020/03/09 14:53]
ydwine [Online learning resources]
languages:occitan_in_italy [2020/10/05 10:35]
ydwine [Language vitality according to:]
Line 6: Line 6:
  
 ==== Language vitality according to: ==== ==== Language vitality according to: ====
-^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​oci|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​945|Endangered Languages]] ^ +^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​oci|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​945|Endangered Languages]] ^  ​[[https:​//glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​occi1239|Glottolog]] ​ ^ 
-//{{ :​endangerment:​orange.png | Severely endangered}}// //{{ :​endangerment:​green.png | Threatened}}//  ​| ​//{{ :​endangerment:​red.png | Critically endangered}}// |+|  ​{{:​endangerment:​orange.png|Severely endangered}} ​  {{:​endangerment:​green.png|Threatened}} ​ |  {{:​endangerment:​red.png| Critically endangered}} ​ ​| ​ {{:​endangerment:​white.png|not endangered}}  ​|
 ==== Linguistic aspects: ===== ==== Linguistic aspects: =====
   * Classification:​ //​Indo-European//​ → //Italic//. For more information,​ see [[http://​http://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​occi1239/​|occi1239]] at [[http://​glottolog.org/​|Glottolog]]   * Classification:​ //​Indo-European//​ → //Italic//. For more information,​ see [[http://​http://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​occi1239/​|occi1239]] at [[http://​glottolog.org/​|Glottolog]]
Line 40: Line 40:
 ===== Legislation of language education ===== ===== Legislation of language education =====
  
-The Occitan language community has been recognized in Italy as a '​historical language minority'​ since 1999 (([[http://​www.parlamento.it/​parlam/​leggi/​99482l.htm | Italian Parliament (1988). "Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche",​ Legge 15 Dicembre 1999, n. 482, Art. 2, comma 1.]])). Occitan is not recognised as a regional language in the region where it is spoken, however usage of the language is being promoted and a law ensuring so has been passed and implemented in 2009 (([[http://​arianna.consiglioregionale.piemonte.it/​base/​coord/​c2009011.html | Consiglio Regionale del Piemonte (2009). "​Valorizzazione e promozione della conoscenza del patrimonio linguistico e culturale del Piemonte",​ Legge regionale 7 aprile 2009, n. 11, Art. 1]])). The older law, from 1999, also ensures that "its usage is allowed in the administration,​ education, and media anywhere local authorities choose to request so" (([[http://​www.sorosoro.org/​en/​occitan/ ​| Sorosoro - "​Occitan"​]])).\\+The Occitan language community has been recognized in Italy as a '​historical language minority'​ since 1999 (([[http://​www.parlamento.it/​parlam/​leggi/​99482l.htm | Italian Parliament (1988). "Norme in materia di tutela delle minoranze linguistiche storiche",​ Legge 15 Dicembre 1999, n. 482, Art. 2, comma 1.]])). Occitan is not recognised as a regional language in the region where it is spoken, however usage of the language is being promoted and a law ensuring so has been passed and implemented in 2009 (([[http://​arianna.consiglioregionale.piemonte.it/​base/​coord/​c2009011.html | Consiglio Regionale del Piemonte (2009). "​Valorizzazione e promozione della conoscenza del patrimonio linguistico e culturale del Piemonte",​ Legge regionale 7 aprile 2009, n. 11, Art. 1]])). The older law, from 1999, also ensures that "its usage is allowed in the administration,​ education, and media anywhere local authorities choose to request so" ((Latin Union. (2011). //​Occitan.//​ Soroso. ​[[http://​www.sorosoro.org/​en/​occitan/​]].)).\\
  
 The 1999 law and recognition and promotion of minority languages was well-received and according to Van der Jeught (2016) it deserves more attention and international acclaim. He says that "it strikes an ingenious balance between issues of national cohesion and unity, protection of minorities and territorialism,​ involving also the local (municipal) level. Italy has managed to make a clean break with an uneasy and even violent past in this respect, and could serve as a model for other countries facing similar challenges"​ (([[http://​www.ecmi.de/​fileadmin/​downloads/​publications/​JEMIE/​2016/​van_der_Jeught.pdf | Jeught, S. van der. (2016). The Protection of Linguistic Minorities in Italy: A Clean Break with the Past. Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe. Vol 15, No 3, 2016, 57-81.]])). The 1999 law and recognition and promotion of minority languages was well-received and according to Van der Jeught (2016) it deserves more attention and international acclaim. He says that "it strikes an ingenious balance between issues of national cohesion and unity, protection of minorities and territorialism,​ involving also the local (municipal) level. Italy has managed to make a clean break with an uneasy and even violent past in this respect, and could serve as a model for other countries facing similar challenges"​ (([[http://​www.ecmi.de/​fileadmin/​downloads/​publications/​JEMIE/​2016/​van_der_Jeught.pdf | Jeught, S. van der. (2016). The Protection of Linguistic Minorities in Italy: A Clean Break with the Past. Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe. Vol 15, No 3, 2016, 57-81.]])).
Line 47: Line 47:
 Italy has signed the European Charter for Regional or minority Languages, but it has yet to ratify the charter. Italy has signed the European Charter for Regional or minority Languages, but it has yet to ratify the charter.
 ===== Institutional support for education of the language: ===== ===== Institutional support for education of the language: =====
-There are various institutes that vouch for the preservation of the Occitan language. The institutes that are based in Italy are listed below. This list was based on information from Sorosoro ((Latin Union. (2011). //​Occitan.//​ Soroso. [[http://​www.sorosoro.org/​en/​occitan/ ​| Sorosoro - "​Occitan"​]])). There are many more institutes, mostly international,​ that support Occitan language and culture.+There are various institutes that vouch for the preservation of the Occitan language. The institutes that are based in Italy are listed below. This list was based on information from Sorosoro ((Latin Union. (2011). //​Occitan.//​ Soroso. [[http://​www.sorosoro.org/​en/​occitan/​]].)). There are many more institutes, mostly international,​ that support Occitan language and culture.
  
   * [[http://​www.espaci-occitan.org/​|Associazione Culturale Occitano]] – Guardiola \\ The Espaci Occitan Association "deals with the promotion of Occitan culture, particularly in terms of language, music, dance, traditions and territory."​((Associazione Espaci Occitan. (n.d.) //Chi Siamo.// [http://​www.espaci-occitan.org/​associazione/​chi-siamo/​]].))   * [[http://​www.espaci-occitan.org/​|Associazione Culturale Occitano]] – Guardiola \\ The Espaci Occitan Association "deals with the promotion of Occitan culture, particularly in terms of language, music, dance, traditions and territory."​((Associazione Espaci Occitan. (n.d.) //Chi Siamo.// [http://​www.espaci-occitan.org/​associazione/​chi-siamo/​]].))
Line 85: Line 85:
  
 ====== Presence of the language outside of education ====== ====== Presence of the language outside of education ======
-The Occitan language is surprisingly present in the media. Most of the media is based in France, but there is Italian media that includes the Occitan language as well. The Occitan media coming from Italy consists almost solely of papers and magazines, therefore a seperate list was created below. This information was taken from Sorosoro (([[http://​www.sorosoro.org/​en/​occitan/ ​| Sorosoro - "​Occitan"​]])), where you can find a list of all Occitan media.+The Occitan language is surprisingly present in the media. Most of the media is based in France, but there is Italian media that includes the Occitan language as well. The Occitan media coming from Italy consists almost solely of papers and magazines, therefore a seperate list was created below. This information was taken from Sorosoro ((Latin Union. (2011). //​Occitan.//​ Soroso. ​[[http://​www.sorosoro.org/​en/​occitan/​]].)), where you can find a list of all Occitan media.
  
 ===== Papers and magazines ===== ===== Papers and magazines =====
languages/occitan_in_italy.txt · Last modified: 2020/10/05 10:35 by ydwine

Creative Commons License
Mercator's wiki on minority language education by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at www.mercatorwiki.eu.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at www.mercator-research.eu.