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languages:limburgish_in_the_netherlands [2020/02/17 15:50]
ydwine [Language vitality according to:]
languages:limburgish_in_the_netherlands [2020/10/21 14:05] (current)
ydwine [European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages]
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   * [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​ISO 639-3|ISO 639-3]] standard: lim   * [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​ISO 639-3|ISO 639-3]] standard: lim
 ==== Language vitality according to: ==== ==== Language vitality according to: ====
-^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ​ ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​lim/​|Ethnologue]] ​              ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​10425|Endangered Languages]] ​ ^ +^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ​ ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​lim/​|Ethnologue]] ​              ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​10425|Endangered Languages]]  ^  [[https://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​limb1263|Glottolog]]  ^ 
-| {{ :​endangerment:​green.png?​nolink |Vulnerable}} ​   | {{ :​endangerment:​purple.png?​nolink |2 out of 10 (10 means extinct)}} ​ | x                                                                       ​|+| {{ :​endangerment:​green.png?​nolink |Vulnerable}} ​   | {{ :​endangerment:​purple.png?​nolink |2 out of 10 (10 means extinct)}} ​ |                                                                         | {{ :​endangerment:​yellow.png?​nolink |Threatened}}  ​|
 ==== Linguistic aspects: ===== ==== Linguistic aspects: =====
-  * Classification:​ Indo-European → Germanic. For more information,​ see [[http://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​limb1263]] at [[http://​glottolog.org/​|Glottolog]]+  * Classification:​ Indo-European → Germanic. For more information,​ see //​limb1263//​ at [[http://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​limb1263|Glottolog]]
   * Script: Latin   * Script: Latin
 ==== Language standardization ==== ==== Language standardization ====
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 {{ :​languages:​master_m_2017:​nl-kaart.png?​600 |}} {{ :​languages:​master_m_2017:​nl-kaart.png?​600 |}}
-Source: (([[http://​www.vvvlimburg.nl/​grenzeloos/​]]))+Source: ((VVV Limburg. (n.d.) //Liefde voor Het Grenzeloze//​. VVV Limburg. ​[[http://​www.vvvlimburg.nl/​grenzeloos/​]].))
  
 However, Limburgish is also spoken in Belgium and Germany (([[https://​https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​lim|Limburgish at Ethnologue]])). However, Limburgish is also spoken in Belgium and Germany (([[https://​https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​lim|Limburgish at Ethnologue]])).
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 ===== Legislation of language education ===== ===== Legislation of language education =====
-The listing ​of Limburgish under part II of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages facilitates its promotion across different layers of society such as education. ​Beside, there is a law, ‘De Wet op het Primair Onderwijs’, in which it is stated ​that Dutch is the medium of instruction, ​but, in places were the dialect or regional language is vivid, this language may be used as medium for instruction too ((Sjaak Kroon and Ton Vallen, ‘Dialect in Limburg’, Studie in Meertaligheid,​ 5 (2004), 11-32 (p. 32)).+ 
 +==== European legislation ==== 
 + 
 +=== European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages === 
 + 
 +The Netherlands [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Signature ​of a treaty|signed]] and [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Ratification ​of a treaty|ratified]] ​the [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​European Charter for Regional and Minority languages|European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages]], and listed Limburgish under [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​European Charter for Regional and Minority languages|part II]].  
 +This facilitates its promotion across different layers of society such as education. 
 + 
 +==== National legislation ====  
 + 
 +The law, ‘De Wet op het Primair Onderwijs’ ​states ​that Dutch is the medium of instruction, ​however, in places were the dialect or regional language is vivid, this language may be used as medium for instruction too ((Sjaak Kroon and Ton Vallen, ‘Dialect in Limburg’, Studie in Meertaligheid,​ 5 (2004), 11-32 (p. 32)).
  
 ===== Institutional support for education of the language: ===== ===== Institutional support for education of the language: =====
-For elementary school, the ‘Road veur ‘t Limburgs’ and ‘het Bureau Streektaal Nederlands-Limburg’ developed some teaching materials up to grade 5, which were published in 2005 (([http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie])) ((Sjaak Kroon and Ton Vallen, ‘Dialect in Limburg’, Studie in Meertaligheid,​ 5 (2004), 11-32 (p. 31)). These materials mainly concern attitudes towards different languages, including Limburgish, and only to a lesser extent learning the Limburgish language (([http://www.limburgsedialecten.nl/limburgs.html#​educatie])(([http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie])). The materials are available in different dialects of Limburgish and in Dutch.(([http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie]))+For elementary school, the ‘Road veur ‘t Limburgs’ and ‘het Bureau Streektaal Nederlands-Limburg’ developed some teaching materials up to grade 5, which were published in 2005 ((Limburgse Dialecten. (n.d.). //​Educatie//​. Limburgse Dialecten. [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie]].)) ((Sjaak Kroon and Ton Vallen, ‘Dialect in Limburg’, Studie in Meertaligheid,​ 5 (2004), 11-32 (p. 31)). These materials mainly concern attitudes towards different languages, including Limburgish, and only to a lesser extent learning the Limburgish language ((Limburgse Dialecten(n.d.). //​Educatie//​. Limburgse Dialecten. [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie]].)). The materials are available in different dialects of Limburgish and in Dutch.((Limburgse Dialecten. (n.d.). //​Educatie//​. Limburgse Dialecten. [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie]].))
  
-For grade 6 and higher there is a teaching brochure called '​Limburgs op de kaart'​(([http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie])). It explains the different characteristics of the varieties in Limburgish. Its aim is to make the pupils aware of the differences between varieties in Limburgish and contributing to a positive attitude towards Limburgish(([http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie])). Online, there is also some inspiration material available for teachers. ​+For grade 6 and higher there is a teaching brochure called '​Limburgs op de kaart'​((Limburgse Dialecten. (n.d.). //​Educatie//​. Limburgse Dialecten. [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie]].)). It explains the different characteristics of the varieties in Limburgish. Its aim is to make the pupils aware of the differences between varieties in Limburgish and contributing to a positive attitude towards Limburgish((Limburgse Dialecten. (n.d.). //​Educatie//​. Limburgse Dialecten. [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie]].)). Online, there is also some inspiration material available for teachers. ​
  
 For secondary education materials exist for grade 9 and directed at all the different educational levels present in the Netherlands (Vwo, Havo and Vmbo). The materials were developed for both Limburgish as well as non-Limburgish speaking pupils ((Sjaak Kroon and Ton Vallen, ‘Dialect in Limburg’, Studie in Meertaligheid,​ 5 (2004), 11-32 (p. 31)).  For secondary education materials exist for grade 9 and directed at all the different educational levels present in the Netherlands (Vwo, Havo and Vmbo). The materials were developed for both Limburgish as well as non-Limburgish speaking pupils ((Sjaak Kroon and Ton Vallen, ‘Dialect in Limburg’, Studie in Meertaligheid,​ 5 (2004), 11-32 (p. 31)). 
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 ===== Online learning resources ===== ===== Online learning resources =====
  
-Online, there is a course to learn Roermonds (([http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie])). Roermonds is one of the varieties of Limburgish. The course is for everyone who speaks Dutch and wants to learn some Limburgish(([http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie]))You can find it here: [[http://​limburgsedialecten.nl/​download/​roermondslerenpraten(nederlands)v2.pdf| Learn Roermonds!]]. However, it is very basic and without examples of the correct pronunciation.  ​+  * [[http://​limburgsedialecten.nl/​download/​roermondslerenpraten(nederlands)v2.pdf| Learn Roermonds!]] 
 +Online, there is a course to learn Roermonds ((Limburgse Dialecten. (n.d.). //​Educatie//​. Limburgse Dialecten. [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie]].)). Roermonds is one of the varieties of Limburgish. The course is for everyone who speaks Dutch and wants to learn some Limburgish(Limburgse Dialecten. ​(n.d.). //​Educatie//​. Limburgse Dialecten. [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​limburgs.html#​educatie]].)). However, it is very basic and without examples of the correct pronunciation.  ​
  
-If you are able to speak Limburgish but you also want to learn how to write in Limburgish, You can use the website: ​[[http://​www.limburgsespelling.nl|limburgsespelling.nl]] ​to practice and find information on writing in Limburgish. You can also use the website to practice the various sounds in Limburgish words.  ​+  * [[http://​www.limburgsespelling.nl|limburgsespelling.nl]]  
 +If you are able to speak Limburgish but you also want to learn how to write in Limburgish, You can use the website: ​ to practice and find information on writing in Limburgish. You can also use the website to practice the various sounds in Limburgish words.  ​
  
-A document on Limburgish orthography ‘Spelling 2003’ is available online and can be used to learn to write in Limburgish. The pdf-document can be found here: [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​download/​spelling2003.pdf | Spelling 2003]] +  * [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​download/​spelling2003.pdf | Spelling 2003]] 
-[[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​download/​roermondslerenpraten(nederlands)v2.pdf]]+A document on Limburgish orthography ‘Spelling 2003’ is available online and can be used to learn to write in Limburgish
  
 +  * [[http://​www.limburgsedialecten.nl/​download/​roermondslerenpraten(nederlands)v2.pdf|Roermonds leren praten]] (in Dutch)
 +  * [[http://​www.limburgs.org/​nl-li/​euver-us|dictionary and grammar]] in Dutch, English and Limburgish
 +  * [[https://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=YqFbV7vFIK8| Wikitongues video]] variety nearby Roermond.
  
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languages/limburgish_in_the_netherlands.1581951051.txt.gz · Last modified: 2020/02/17 15:50 by ydwine

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