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languages:karaim_in [2020/03/04 10:21]
ydwine [Legislation of language education]
languages:karaim_in [2020/09/08 10:42] (current)
ydwine [Language vitality according to:]
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   * [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​ISO 639-3|ISO 639-3]] standard: kdr   * [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​ISO 639-3|ISO 639-3]] standard: kdr
 ==== Language vitality according to: ==== ==== Language vitality according to: ====
-^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​kdr/​|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com|Endangered Languages]] ^ +^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​kdr/​|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com|Endangered Languages]] ​^  [[https://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​kara1464|Glottolog]]  ​
-| Crimea: {{ :​endangerment:​black.png?​nolink |Extinct}} West Ukraine: {{ :​endangerment:​red.png?​nolink |Critically Endangered}} Lithuania: {{ :​endangerment:​orange.png?​nolink |Severely Endangered}} ​ | {{ :​endangerment:​red.png?​nolink |All 8b out of 10 (10 means extinct)}} ​ | {{ :​endangerment:​red.png?​nolink |All Critically Endangered}} |+| Crimea: {{ :​endangerment:​black.png?​nolink |Extinct}} West Ukraine: {{ :​endangerment:​red.png?​nolink |Critically Endangered}} Lithuania: {{ :​endangerment:​orange.png?​nolink |Severely Endangered}} ​ | {{ :​endangerment:​red.png?​nolink |All 8b out of 10 (10 means extinct)}} ​ | {{ :​endangerment:​red.png?​nolink |All Critically Endangered}} ​|  {{ :​endangerment:​red.png?​nolink |Nearly extinct}}  ​|
 ==== Linguistic aspects: ===== ==== Linguistic aspects: =====
   * Classification:​ Turkic → Kipchak. For more information,​ see [[http://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​kara1464| kara1464]] at [[http://​glottolog.org/​|Glottolog]]   * Classification:​ Turkic → Kipchak. For more information,​ see [[http://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​kara1464| kara1464]] at [[http://​glottolog.org/​|Glottolog]]
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 ====Poland ==== ====Poland ====
  
-Poland has ratified the [[http://​www.coe.int/​en/​web/​minorities/​home?​|Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities of the Council of Europe]] ​and recognized Karaim under part II. You can read the latest report ​(2019) [[https://​rm.coe.int/​polandpr3-en-docx/1680981491|here]]+Poland has ratified the [[http://​www.coe.int/​en/​web/​minorities/​home?​|Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities of the Council of Europe]], recognizing ​the Karaim minority as a religious minority: 
 +"​Karaites have lost their knowledge of their mother tongue; it is Karaite religion, originating from Judaism and Islam which distinguishes them" (((2002).// Report submitted by Poland Pursuant to Article 25, paragraph 10f of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities.//​[[https://​rm.coe.int/​CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?​documentId=090000168008b123]].)).
  
-At a national level, Poland has recognized the Karaims as an ethnic minority which permits them the right under Article 35 of their [[http://​www.sejm.gov.pl/​prawo/​konst/​angielski/​kon1.htm| constitution]] to, "to maintain and develop their own language, to maintain customs and traditions, and to develop their own culture" ​and " ​establish educational and cultural institutions". Similarly to that in Lithuania, despite this legislature,​ the small population of Karaim speakers allows for little governmental attention or support in establishing more concrete public schooling or education.+Poland has also recognized the Karaim minority in the [[https://​www.coe.int/​en/​web/​european-charter-regional-or-minority-languages/​about-the-charter|European Charter for Regnional and Minority Languages]] under [[https://​rm.coe.int/​states-parties-to-the-european-charter-for-regional-or-minority-langua/​168077098c|part II and III]]. You can read the latest report (2019) [[https://​rm.coe.int/​polandpr3-en-docx/​1680981491|here]] 
 + 
 +At a national level, Poland has recognized the Karaims as an ethnic minority which permits them the right under  [[http://​www.sejm.gov.pl/​prawo/​konst/​angielski/​kon1.htm|Article 35 of their constitution]]
 + 
 +  * The Republic of Poland shall ensure Polish citizens belonging ​to national or ethnic minorities the freedom ​to maintain and develop their own language, to maintain customs and traditions, and to develop their own culture
 +  * National ​and ethnic minorities shall have the right to establish educational and cultural institutions, institutions designed to protect religious identity, as well as to participate in the resolution of matters connected with their cultural identity. 
 + 
 +Similarly to that in Lithuania, despite this legislature,​ the small population of Karaim speakers allows for little governmental attention or support in establishing more concrete public schooling or education.
  
 ====Ukraine==== ====Ukraine====
-In the Ukraine, Karaim speakers are believed to be so few or extinct (([[http://​languagesindanger.eu/​book-of-knowledge/​list-of-languages/​karaim/​|Karaim at Languages in Danger'​s Book of Knowledge]])),​ that there is no recognition within legislation. 
  
 +In the Ukraine, Karaim is recognised in the [[https://​www.coe.int/​en/​web/​european-charter-regional-or-minority-languages/​about-the-charter|European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages]] under [[https://​rm.coe.int/​states-parties-to-the-european-charter-for-regional-or-minority-langua/​168077098c|part II]], though Karaim speakers are believed to be few or extinct (([[http://​languagesindanger.eu/​book-of-knowledge/​list-of-languages/​karaim/​|Karaim at Languages in Danger'​s Book of Knowledge]])).
 +
 +In the Ukraine, a law on education passed in September 5, 2017, withdrawing the right to education in a minority language. For primary schools seperate groups can still be taught in the minority languages and in secondary schools minority languages can be taught as a subject if it is a EU language. SOme exceptions are made for ""​indigenous languages",​ which seem to be non-kinstate languages such as Karaim ((Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung. (2017, October 16.). Dokumentation:​ Reaktionen auf die Verabschiedung des neuen Bildungsgesetzes vom 5. September 2017. [[https://​www.bpb.de/​258160/​dokumentation-reaktionen-auf-neues-bildungsgesetz]].)) ((Euromaidan News. (2017, September 19). //​Ukraine’s new education law unleashes international storm over minority language status//. [[http://​euromaidanpress.com/​2017/​09/​19/​ukraines-new-education-law-causes-international-storm-over-minority-language-status/​]].)). The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe ([[[[general_information:​glossary_of_terms|PACE]]) has been concerned about this law in light of the Framework Convention, and states that the law is "a major impediment to the teaching of national minorities'​ mother tongues"​ ((Parliamentary Assembly. (2017). //​Resolution 2189 (2017): The new Ukrainian law on education: a major impediment to the teaching of national minorities'​ mother tongues.// [[http://​assembly.coe.int/​nw/​xml/​XRef/​Xref-XML2HTML-EN.asp?​fileid=24218&​lang=en]].)).
  
  
 ===== Bodies controlling enforcement of educational laws: ===== ===== Bodies controlling enforcement of educational laws: =====
 +
 +==== Lithuania====
  
 In Lithuania, the Department for National Minorities and Emigrants is responsible for ensuring government language policy is upheld. This institution also mediates between sultural/​educational minority associations and governmental organizations and support (([[http://​alppi.eu/​wp-content/​uploads/​2009/​11/​Andrlik.pdf|Andrlík,​ Jan, ‘Ethnic and Language Policy of the Republic of Lithuania: Basis and Practice’,​ Annual of Language & Politics and Politics of Identity, 3 (2009) In Lithuania, the Department for National Minorities and Emigrants is responsible for ensuring government language policy is upheld. This institution also mediates between sultural/​educational minority associations and governmental organizations and support (([[http://​alppi.eu/​wp-content/​uploads/​2009/​11/​Andrlik.pdf|Andrlík,​ Jan, ‘Ethnic and Language Policy of the Republic of Lithuania: Basis and Practice’,​ Annual of Language & Politics and Politics of Identity, 3 (2009)
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 ===== Learning resources and educational institutions ===== ===== Learning resources and educational institutions =====
  
-See +
   * [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​2366/​guide|Endangered Languages]] resources   * [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​2366/​guide|Endangered Languages]] resources
   * [[http://​karaim.karaites.free.fr/​index_uk.php|Learn Karaim Language]] with word lists    * [[http://​karaim.karaites.free.fr/​index_uk.php|Learn Karaim Language]] with word lists 
languages/karaim_in.1583313716.txt.gz · Last modified: 2020/03/04 10:21 by ydwine

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