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languages:gaelic_in_scotland [2020/03/04 08:32]
ydwine [Learning resources and educational institutions]
languages:gaelic_in_scotland [2020/09/08 10:35] (current)
ydwine [Language vitality according to:]
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 ==== Language vitality according to: ==== ==== Language vitality according to: ====
-^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​gla|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​3049|Endangered Languages]] ^ +^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​gla|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​3049|Endangered Languages]] ​^  [[https://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​scot1245|Glottolog]]  ​
-| {{ :​endangerment:​yellow.png?​nolink |Definitely endangered}} | {{ :​endangerment:​purple.png?​nolink |}} | {{ :​endangerment:​orange.png?​nolink |Vulnerable}} |+| {{ :​endangerment:​yellow.png?​nolink |Definitely endangered}} | {{ :​endangerment:​purple.png?​nolink |}} | {{ :​endangerment:​orange.png?​nolink |Vulnerable}} ​|  {{ :​endangerment:​orange.png?​nolink |Shifting}}  ​|
  
 ==== Linguistic aspects: ==== ==== Linguistic aspects: ====
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 ===== European legislation:​ ===== ===== European legislation:​ =====
-Scottish Gaelic is covered under [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Part III of the European Charter for Regional and Minority languages|Part III]] of the Charter. 
  
-Download the latest ​[[https://search.coe.int/cm/Pages/​result_details.aspx?ObjectId=09000016805c6b1f|Council of Europe report 2013]] about the United Kingdom.+=== The European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages=== 
 + 
 +Scottish Gaelic is covered under [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Part III of the European Charter for Regional and Minority languages|Part III]] of the [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​European Charter for Regional and Minority languages|European Charter for Regional and Minority Languages]]. ​Download the [[https://rm.coe.int/CoERMPublicCommonSearchServices/DisplayDCTMContent?documentId=09000016806dcc8d|Council of Europe report 2013]] about the United Kingdom ​or the [[https://​rm.coe.int/​ukpr5-en-revised/​168077fb40|UK report from 2018]]. 
 + 
 + 
 +===Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities=== 
 + 
 +The Gaelic language is also covered by the [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities|Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities]]. You can read the latest reports of the UK and the Council of Europe [[https://​www.coe.int/​en/​web/​minorities/​united-kingdom|here]].
 ===== National legislation:​ ===== ===== National legislation:​ =====
-[[http://​www.gaidhlig.org.uk/bord/en/the-bord/​about-bord-na-gaidhlig/​gaelic-language-act/|Gaelic Language Act 2005]]: ​+[[http://​www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2005/7/contents|Gaelic Language Act 2005]]: ​
   * names Gaelic an official language of Scotland; ​   * names Gaelic an official language of Scotland; ​
   * assigns to the [[http://​www.gaidhlig.org.uk/​bord/​|Bòrd na Gàidhlig]] the responsibility to promote Gaelic, monitor its development,​ and to maintain a language plan.   * assigns to the [[http://​www.gaidhlig.org.uk/​bord/​|Bòrd na Gàidhlig]] the responsibility to promote Gaelic, monitor its development,​ and to maintain a language plan.
 +  * defines education a) in the use and understanding of; b) about; or c) by means of the Gaelic language((Scottish Parliament. (2005). //Gaelic Language (Scotland) Act 2005.// Retrieved from [[http://​www.legislation.gov.uk/​asp/​2005/​7/​contents]].)).
 +
 +Every five years, Bòrd na Gàidhlig makes a [[https://​www.gaidhlig.scot/​bord/​the-national-gaelic-language-plan/​|National Gaelic Language Plan]].
 +
  
 ---- ----
  
 ====== Education in practice ====== ====== Education in practice ======
 +
 According to the census from 2011, 2500 children will be learning Gaelic in 2012 and 2013, opposed to 24 children in 1985.((Goalabre,​ Fabienne, ‘Immersion Education and the Revitalisation of Breton and Gaelic as Community Languages’,​ in Policy and Planning for Endangered Languages)). In 2007 MacCaluim (2007) estimated that about 700 learners obtained fluency. According to the census from 2011, 2500 children will be learning Gaelic in 2012 and 2013, opposed to 24 children in 1985.((Goalabre,​ Fabienne, ‘Immersion Education and the Revitalisation of Breton and Gaelic as Community Languages’,​ in Policy and Planning for Endangered Languages)). In 2007 MacCaluim (2007) estimated that about 700 learners obtained fluency.
 +
 +For primary education, in 2018-2019 there are:
 +  * 58 Gaelic Medium Education departments or dedicated schools total
 +  * 7 dedicated Gaelic schools: 3 in Glasgow, and 1 in Inverness, Edinburgh, Lochaber, and Portree
 +  * 3,457 pupils total attending Gaelic Medium Education((Bòrd na Gàidhlig. (n.d.). //Primary Education//​. [[https://​www.gaidhlig.scot/​bord/​education/​primary-education/​]].))
 +
 +For secondary education, in 2018-2019 there are:
 +  * 31 schools in Scotland which offer Gàidhlig for fluent speakers and/or other Gaelic medium subjects;
 +  * 31 schools which offer Gaelic (Learners);
 +  * the subjects English, French, Geography, History, Home Economics, Mathematics,​ Modern Studies, PE, Personal and Social Education, Religious Education, Science and Technology are taught at different levels through the medium of Gaelic((Bòrd na Gàidhlig. (n.d.). //Secondary Education//​. [[https://​www.gaidhlig.scot/​bord/​education/​secondary-education/​]].)). ​
  
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languages/gaelic_in_scotland.1583307127.txt.gz · Last modified: 2020/03/04 08:32 by ydwine

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