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languages:british_sign_language_in_the_uk [2018/08/31 11:14]
127.0.0.1 external edit
languages:british_sign_language_in_the_uk [2020/09/08 10:13] (current)
ydwine [Language vitality according to:]
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 ==== Language vitality according to: ==== ==== Language vitality according to: ====
-^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​|Endangered Languages]] ^ +^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​bfi|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​|Endangered Languages]] ​^  [[https://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​brit1235|Glottolog]]  ​
-| - | {{:​endangerment:​blue.png?​nolink|}} | - |+  | {{ :​endangerment:​blue.png?​nolink |Developing ​}} |   ​| ​ {{ :​endangerment:​white.png?​nolink |Not endangered}}  ​|
 ==== Linguistic aspects: ===== ==== Linguistic aspects: =====
   * Classification:​ Sign language → British Sign Language family. For more information,​ see [[http://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​brit1235 |brit1235]] at [[http://​glottolog.org/​|Glottolog]]   * Classification:​ Sign language → British Sign Language family. For more information,​ see [[http://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​brit1235 |brit1235]] at [[http://​glottolog.org/​|Glottolog]]
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 However, since there have been cuts in school budgets, specialist teachers have been reduced by 12% and councils have been closing specialist units in mainstream schools for deaf people. As a result, there is less and less support in school. In 2014 a new reform ​ passed to give more attention to children with special needs, but so far no improvement apparent ((Nicholas Try, //Landmark report is a damning indictment on the state of special educational needs services in England// (2017), <​http://​www.ndcs.org.uk/​news/​critical_send_report.html>​ [accessed 7 December 2017)). However, since there have been cuts in school budgets, specialist teachers have been reduced by 12% and councils have been closing specialist units in mainstream schools for deaf people. As a result, there is less and less support in school. In 2014 a new reform ​ passed to give more attention to children with special needs, but so far no improvement apparent ((Nicholas Try, //Landmark report is a damning indictment on the state of special educational needs services in England// (2017), <​http://​www.ndcs.org.uk/​news/​critical_send_report.html>​ [accessed 7 December 2017)).
  
-The language is not taught in mainstream schools or used as medium of instruction. There is support for individual deaf students, for instance teachers that teach or understand BSL, but BSL is not used as medium of instruction for a whole group in education. It can be used in special education.(Reference requested).+The language is not taught in mainstream schools or used as medium of instruction. There is support for individual deaf students, for instance teachers that teach or understand BSL, but BSL is not used as medium of instruction for a whole group in education. It can be used in special education((National Deaf Children'​s Society. (n.d.). //Getting additional support//. National Deaf Children'​s Society. [[https://​www.ndcs.org.uk/​information-and-support/​education-and-learning/​getting-additional-support/​]].)).
  
  
 ===== Support structure for education of the language: ===== ===== Support structure for education of the language: =====
-There are two organisations who are in charge of educating BSL, of developing materials and offering courses: [[<http://​www.signature.org.uk/​|Signature]] and [[http://​ibsl.org.uk/​about-us/​|IBSL]].+There are two organisations who are in charge of educating BSL, of developing materials and offering courses: [[https://​www.signature.org.uk/​|Signature]] and [[http://​ibsl.org.uk/​about-us/​|IBSL]].
 Signature is currently developing materials and arranging instruction for secondary education. This to make sure that students can do a so-called //General Certificate of Secondary Education// in sign language ((Signature,​ //BSL in Secondary Education// (2017), <​http://​www.signature.org.uk/​bsl-secondary-education>​ [accessed 7 December])). For more information on BSL in secondary education, see [[http://​www.signature.org.uk/​bsl-secondary-education| BSL in secondary education, a pilot program]]. Not everything is subsidized, but Signature sometimes gets funding for research projects from the Department for Education or from charity funds. IBSL also received charity funding for research on deafness ((Signature,​ //Funded Projects// (2017), <​http://​www.signature.org.uk/​projects.php>​ [accessed 7 December 2017])) ((iBSL, //News// (2017), <​http://​ibsl.org.uk/​news/>​ [accessed 7 December 2017])). Signature is currently developing materials and arranging instruction for secondary education. This to make sure that students can do a so-called //General Certificate of Secondary Education// in sign language ((Signature,​ //BSL in Secondary Education// (2017), <​http://​www.signature.org.uk/​bsl-secondary-education>​ [accessed 7 December])). For more information on BSL in secondary education, see [[http://​www.signature.org.uk/​bsl-secondary-education| BSL in secondary education, a pilot program]]. Not everything is subsidized, but Signature sometimes gets funding for research projects from the Department for Education or from charity funds. IBSL also received charity funding for research on deafness ((Signature,​ //Funded Projects// (2017), <​http://​www.signature.org.uk/​projects.php>​ [accessed 7 December 2017])) ((iBSL, //News// (2017), <​http://​ibsl.org.uk/​news/>​ [accessed 7 December 2017])).
  
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-===== Education ​presence ​=====+===== Education ​in practice=====
 BSL is taught using a bilingual approach at two special schools: the Elmfield School for Deaf Children ((Babs Day, //Welcome to Elmfield School for Deaf Children// (2017), <​http://​www.elmfield.bristol.sch.uk/​index.asp#>​ [accessed 7 December 2017])) and Frank Barnes school for Deaf Children ((Frank Barnes school for Deaf Children, //Welcome// (2017), <​http://​www.fbarnes.camden.sch.uk/>​ [accessed 7 December 2017])). Both schools serve pupils ranging from 2 to 16 years old. In regular education, such initiatives are not found yet. The schools aim to allow pupils to reach the highest level possible. Of course, these schools can only serve the part of the British population that lives nearby. BSL is taught using a bilingual approach at two special schools: the Elmfield School for Deaf Children ((Babs Day, //Welcome to Elmfield School for Deaf Children// (2017), <​http://​www.elmfield.bristol.sch.uk/​index.asp#>​ [accessed 7 December 2017])) and Frank Barnes school for Deaf Children ((Frank Barnes school for Deaf Children, //Welcome// (2017), <​http://​www.fbarnes.camden.sch.uk/>​ [accessed 7 December 2017])). Both schools serve pupils ranging from 2 to 16 years old. In regular education, such initiatives are not found yet. The schools aim to allow pupils to reach the highest level possible. Of course, these schools can only serve the part of the British population that lives nearby.
  
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