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languages:asturian_in_spain [2020/02/25 09:23]
ydwine [Educational legislation:]
languages:asturian_in_spain [2020/09/07 13:07] (current)
ydwine [Language vitality according to:]
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 ==== Language vitality according to: ==== ==== Language vitality according to: ====
-^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​ast|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​966|Endangered Languages]] ^ +^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​ast|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​966|Endangered Languages]] ​^ [[https://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​astu1245| Glottolog]]  ​
-| {{ :​endangerment:​white.png?​nolink |Definitely endangered}} | {{ :​endangerment:​purple.png?​nolink |}} | {{ :​endangerment:​green.png?​nolink |At Risk}} |+| {{ :​endangerment:​white.png?​nolink |Definitely endangered}} | {{ :​endangerment:​purple.png?​nolink |}} | {{ :​endangerment:​green.png?​nolink |At Risk}} ​|  {{:​endangerment:​white.png?​nolink|Not endangered}}  ​
  
  
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 In December 1981, the Estatutu d’Autonomía d’Asturies (Statute of Autonomy of Asturias), signed by King Juan Carlos, set out in Article 4 that “Bable [as the Asturian language is also termed] will enjoy protection. Its use and dissemination via the mass media and its teaching will be promoted, respecting, in all instances, local variations and the voluntary nature of learning the language”. This resulted in the Government of the Principality of Asturias initiating a linguistic policy. ​ In December 1981, the Estatutu d’Autonomía d’Asturies (Statute of Autonomy of Asturias), signed by King Juan Carlos, set out in Article 4 that “Bable [as the Asturian language is also termed] will enjoy protection. Its use and dissemination via the mass media and its teaching will be promoted, respecting, in all instances, local variations and the voluntary nature of learning the language”. This resulted in the Government of the Principality of Asturias initiating a linguistic policy. ​
  
-Thus, in 1985, the Oficina de Política Lingüística (Bureau for Linguistic Policy) was created in order to prepare action campaigns to promote the use of Asturian and its standardization((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))+Thus, in 1985, the Oficina de Política Lingüística (Bureau for Linguistic Policy) was created in order to prepare action campaigns to promote the use of Asturian and its standardization ((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))
  
 ===== European legislation:​ ===== ===== European legislation:​ =====
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 ====== Education in practice ====== ====== Education in practice ======
-Educational establishments offer Asturian ​only as a subject. ​There have been some promising experiments with Asturian as medium ​of instruction ((Fernández-Costales, ​A.González-Riaño, ​X. A. (n.d.). Asturian: The Asturian ​language ​in education ​in Spain 2nd Edition ​(Mercator Regional Dossiers ​ISSN1570-1239). [[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/Asturian_in_Spain_2nd.pdf|View online]])) + 
 +====Primary education==== 
 + 
 +Asturian ​is taught ​as a voluntary ​subject, but is not used as language of instruction,​ for two one hour classes a weekAlmost 65% of pupils attend the voluntary ​  Asturian ​ ​language classes ((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)). 
 + 
 +==== Secondary education==== 
 + 
 +In secondary education, Asturian is a optional subject, but not all schools offer it. Normally, Asturian is not used as language ​of instruction, but there are some teacher experiments((Fernández-Costales, ​Albertoand Xosé Antón ​González-Riaño, ​‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)). 
 + 
 + 
 +==== Vocational education ==== 
 + 
 +small number of //​Bachillerato//​ (Baccalaureate;​ two year education (16-18 years) to provide access for university) institutes offer Asturian as a subjectAround 3% of students took Asturian as a subject in 2013((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian: The Asturian ​Language ​in Education ​in Spain 2nd Edition]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, ​Mercator Regional Dossiers)). 
 + 
 +==== Higher education ==== 
 + 
 +The University of Oviedo (the only in the Principality ​ of  Asturias) students can use Asturian according to the //Llei d’Usu y promoción del Bable/​Asturianu//​. 
 +At the teacher training for primary education, students can take up a two year minor Asturian which includes subjects such as Asturian philology, literature, sociolinguistics,​ and language teaching. Future secondary school teachers can choose the Asturian specialisation in the master'​s degree((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)).  
 + 
 +==== Adult education ==== 
 + 
 +Classes for Asturian is limited, though some courses have Asturian as language of instruction((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian: The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))
  
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languages/asturian_in_spain.1582619035.txt.gz · Last modified: 2020/02/25 09:23 by ydwine

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