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languages:asturian_in_spain [2017/03/09 14:11]
johanneke [Educational legislation:]
languages:asturian_in_spain [2020/09/07 13:07] (current)
ydwine [Language vitality according to:]
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 ==== Language vitality according to: ==== ==== Language vitality according to: ====
-^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​fry/|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​10425|Endangered Languages]] ^ +^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​ast|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​966|Endangered Languages]] ​^ [[https://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​astu1245| Glottolog]]  ​
-| {{ :​endangerment:​white.png?​nolink |}} | {{ :​endangerment:​purple.png?​nolink |}} | {{ :​endangerment:​green.png?​nolink |}} |+| {{ :​endangerment:​white.png?​nolink |Definitely endangered}} | {{ :​endangerment:​purple.png?​nolink |}} | {{ :​endangerment:​green.png?​nolink |At Risk}} |  {{:​endangerment:​white.png?​nolink|Not endangered}}  
  
  
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 ====== Language and education legislation:​ ====== ====== Language and education legislation:​ ======
  
-===== A little history: =====+===== History of language education: ===== 
 In the 19th century, the Asturian born Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos expressed the urgency for the compilation of a dictionary and a grammar, and for the creation of a language academy for Asturian. It was not until 1980 that the then Conseyu Rexional d’Asturies (Regional Council of Asturias, the transitory government body of Asturias) officially created the Academia de la Llingua Asturiana (Academy of the Asturian Language). In the 19th century, the Asturian born Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos expressed the urgency for the compilation of a dictionary and a grammar, and for the creation of a language academy for Asturian. It was not until 1980 that the then Conseyu Rexional d’Asturies (Regional Council of Asturias, the transitory government body of Asturias) officially created the Academia de la Llingua Asturiana (Academy of the Asturian Language).
-In December 1981, the Estatutu d’Autonomía d’Asturies (Statute of Autonomy of Asturias), signed by King Juan Carlos, set out in Article 4 that “Bable [as the Asturian language is also termed] will enjoy protection. Its use and dissemination via the mass media and its teaching will be promoted, respecting, in all instances, local variations and the voluntary nature of learning the language”. This resulted in the Government of the Principality of Asturias initiating a linguistic policy. Thus, in 1985, the Oficina de Política Lingüística (Bureau for Linguistic Policy) was created in order to prepare action campaigns to promote the use of Asturian and its standardization((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/Asturian_in_Spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))+ 
 +In December 1981, the Estatutu d’Autonomía d’Asturies (Statute of Autonomy of Asturias), signed by King Juan Carlos, set out in Article 4 that “Bable [as the Asturian language is also termed] will enjoy protection. Its use and dissemination via the mass media and its teaching will be promoted, respecting, in all instances, local variations and the voluntary nature of learning the language”. This resulted in the Government of the Principality of Asturias initiating a linguistic policy. ​ 
 + 
 +Thus, in 1985, the Oficina de Política Lingüística (Bureau for Linguistic Policy) was created in order to prepare action campaigns to promote the use of Asturian and its standardization ((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)).
  
  
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 Asturian is covered under [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Part III of the European Charter for Regional and Minority languages|Part III]] of the Charter. Asturian is covered under [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Part III of the European Charter for Regional and Minority languages|Part III]] of the Charter.
  
-Download the latest ​[[http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/​education/​minlang/​Report/​E_Reports/​SpainECRML4_en.pdf|Council of Europe report 2016]] about Spain.+Download the [[https://rm.coe.int/spainpr5-en/16808de6fc|Council of Europe report ​2014-2016]] about Spain.
  
 ===== National legislation:​ ===== ===== National legislation:​ =====
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 ===== Educational legislation:​ ===== ===== Educational legislation:​ =====
-The autonomous Community of the Principality of Asturias is fully competent in educational matters((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/Asturian_in_Spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))+The autonomous Community of the Principality of Asturias is fully competent in educational matters((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))
  
 ===== Bodies inspecting compliance with educational legislation:​ ===== ===== Bodies inspecting compliance with educational legislation:​ =====
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 ====== Education in practice ====== ====== Education in practice ======
-Educational establishments offer Asturian only as a subject. There have been some promising experiments with Asturian as medium of instruction ((Fernández-Costales,​ A., & González-Riaño,​ X. A. (n.d.). Asturian: The Asturian language in education in Spain 2nd Edition (Mercator Regional Dossiers ISSN: 1570-1239). [[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​Asturian_in_Spain_2nd.pdf|View online]])) ​ 
-===== Educational institutions and resources ===== 
  
-  ​[[http://www.academiadelallingua.com//|Academia de la Llingua Asturiana]] determines the offical spelling standards, and authors the //Gramática de la Llingua Asturiana// (1998) and the //Diccionariu de la Llingua Asturiana// (2000). +====Primary education==== 
-  ​[[http://www.exunta.org/|Xunta pola Defensa de la Llingua Asturiana]], works to raise language ​awareness ​and supports other institutions;​+ 
 +Asturian is taught as a voluntary subject, but is not used as language of instruction,​ for two one hour classes a week. Almost 65% of pupils attend the voluntary ​  ​Asturian ​ language classes ((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://www.mercator-research.eu/fileadmin/mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian: The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism ​and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)). 
 + 
 +==== Secondary education==== 
 + 
 +In secondary education, Asturian is a optional subject, but not all schools offer it. Normally, Asturian is not used as language of instruction,​ but there are some teacher experiments((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)). 
 + 
 + 
 +==== Vocational education ==== 
 + 
 +A small number of //​Bachillerato// (Baccalaureate;​ two year education (16-18 yearsto provide access for university) institutes offer Asturian as a subject. Around 3% of students took Asturian as a subject in 2013((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, ​and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://www.mercator-research.eu/fileadmin/mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)). 
 + 
 +==== Higher education ==== 
 + 
 +The University of Oviedo (the only in the Principality ​ of  Asturias) students can use Asturian according to the //Llei d’Usu y promoción del Bable/​Asturianu//​. 
 +At the teacher training for primary education, students can take up a two year minor Asturian which includes subjects such as Asturian philology, literature, sociolinguistics,​ and language teaching. Future secondary school teachers can choose the Asturian specialisation in the master'​s degree((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://www.mercator-research.eu/fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian: The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)).  
 + 
 +==== Adult education ==== 
 + 
 +Classes for Asturian is limited, though some courses have Asturian as language ​of instruction((Fernández-Costales,​ Alberto, ​and Xosé Antón González-Riaño,​ ‘[[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Asturian:​ The Asturian Language in Education in Spain 2nd Edition]]’,​ ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)). 
  
 ---- ----
  
 ====== Learning resources and educational institutions ====== ====== Learning resources and educational institutions ======
 +  * [[http://​www.academiadelallingua.com//​|Academia de la Llingua Asturiana]] determines the offical spelling standards, and authors the //​Gramática de la Llingua Asturiana// (1998) and the //​Diccionariu de la Llingua Asturiana// (2000).
 +  * [[http://​www.exunta.org/​|Xunta pola Defensa de la Llingua Asturiana]],​ works to raise language awareness and supports other institutions;​
  
 ---- ----
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 ====== Mercator'​s Regional Dossier ====== ====== Mercator'​s Regional Dossier ======
  
-[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​Asturian_in_Spain_2nd.pdf|{{:​images:​dossier.png?​nolink|}}]][[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/Asturian_in_Spain_2nd.pdf|Read more]] about Asturian language education in Mercator'​s Regional Dossier.+[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​Asturian_in_Spain_2nd.pdf|{{:​images:​dossier.png?​nolink|}}]][[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/regional_dossiers/​asturian_in_spain_2nd.pdf|Read more]] about Asturian language education in Mercator'​s Regional Dossier ​(2014). 
  
-==Modified: 26-08-2016, 09:42== 
languages/asturian_in_spain.1489065094.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/03/09 14:11 by johanneke

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