User Tools

Site Tools


languages:aragonese_in_spain

Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
languages:aragonese_in_spain [2017/03/17 15:57]
johanneke [European legislation:]
languages:aragonese_in_spain [2021/05/06 01:16] (current)
juanpabl fix error in citation
Line 7: Line 7:
  
 ==== Language vitality according to: ==== ==== Language vitality according to: ====
-^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​fry/​|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​10425|Endangered Languages]] ^ +^ [[http://​www.unesco.org/​languages-atlas/​|UNESCO]] ^ [[https://​www.ethnologue.com/​language/​arg/​|Ethnologue]] ^ [[http://​www.endangeredlanguages.com/​lang/​949|Endangered Languages]] ^ [[https://​glottolog.org/​resource/​languoid/​id/​arag1245| Glottolog]] ^ 
-| {{ :​endangerment:​yellow.png?​nolink |}} | {{ :​endangerment:​yellow.png?​nolink |}} | {{ :​endangerment:​red.png?​nolink |endangered}} |+| {{ :​endangerment:​yellow.png?​nolink | definitely endangered}} | {{ :​endangerment:​yellow.png?​nolink |in trouble}} | {{ :​endangerment:​red.png?​nolink |endangered}} |{{ :​endangerment:​orange.png?​nolink |shifting}} | 
  
  
Line 16: Line 16:
  
 ==== Language standardization:​ ==== ==== Language standardization:​ ====
-There is no consensus on a standardized orthography:​ a survey among 228 speakers and/or students of Aragonese suggested that several spelling systems were used(([[http://​digithum.uoc.edu/​index.php/​digithum/​article/​view/​n12-paricio-martinez/​n12-paricio-martinez-eng|Paricio, S.J. & J.P. Martínez Cortés (2010). “New ways to revitalise minority languages: the impact of the internet in the case of Aragonese.” In: Digithum: The Humanities in the Digital Era, no. 12 (pp. 1-11).]])). Most used the //Propuesta Ortografica//​ from 2010 (46%), developed by the [[http://​www.academiadelaragones.org/​|Academia de l'​Aragonés]].+There is no consensus on a standardized orthography:​ a survey among 228 speakers and/or students of Aragonese suggested that several spelling systems were used((Paricio,​ S.J. & J.P. Martínez Cortés (2010). “New ways to revitalise minority languages: the impact of the internet in the case of Aragonese.” In: Digithum: The Humanities in the Digital Era, no. 12 (pp. 1-11). ​[[http://​digithum.uoc.edu/​index.php/​digithum/​article/​view/​n12-paricio-martinez/​n12-paricio-martinez-eng]])). Most used the //Propuesta Ortografica//​ from 2010 (46%), developed by the [[http://​www.academiadelaragones.org/​|Academia de l'​Aragonés]].
 ===== Demographics ===== ===== Demographics =====
 ==== Language Area ==== ==== Language Area ====
Line 37: Line 37:
  
 ---- ----
-====== ​Language and education legislation: ​======+====== ​Education of the language ​======
  
 ===== History of language education: ===== ===== History of language education: =====
  
-Prior to the 1990's the Aragonese language had no place in the education system. The Aragonese activist movement began to demand one in the seventies (for example the L’aragonés t’a escuela campaign, promoted by the CFA). In the academic year 1984/1985, seventeen city councils and fourteen schools formally asked for the education of the Aragonese language, but it was not implemented. In the academic year 1997/1998 Aragonese became an extra-curricular,​ non-evaluable,​ voluntary subject, due to an agreement between Aragon’s Government and four city councils. In 2005 the Aragon Government published new Orders, which enabled schools in the Aragonese and Catalan language regions to teach Aragonese and Catalan, and also to use these languages as media of instruction.((Iris Orosia Campos Bandrés, ​Juan Pablo Martinéz Cortésand Santiago J. Paricio Martín, ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Aragonese:​ The Aragonese language in education in Spain]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)) +Prior to the 1990's the Aragonese language had no place in the education system. The Aragonese activist movement began to demand one in the seventies (for example the L’aragonés t’a escuela campaign, promoted by the CFA). In the academic year 1984/1985, seventeen city councils and fourteen schools formally asked for the education of the Aragonese language, but it was not implemented. In the academic year 1997/1998 Aragonese became an extra-curricular,​ non-evaluable,​ voluntary subject, due to an agreement between Aragon’s Government and four city councils. In 2005 the Aragon Government published new Orders, which enabled schools in the Aragonese and Catalan language regions to teach Aragonese and Catalan, and also to use these languages as media of instruction.((Juan Pablo Martinéz Cortés and Santiago J. Paricio Martín, ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Aragonese:​ The Aragonese language in education in Spain]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers)) 
-===== European legislation: ​======+ 
 +===== Legislation of language education: ===== 
 +==== European legislation:​ =====
 Aragonese is covered under [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Part III of the European Charter for Regional and Minority languages|Part III]] of the Charter. Aragonese is covered under [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Part III of the European Charter for Regional and Minority languages|Part III]] of the Charter.
  
-Download the latest [[http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/education/​minlang/​Report/​E_Reports/​SpainECRML4_en.pdf|Council of Europe report ​2016]] about Spain. +Download the latest [[https://search.coe.int/cm/Pages/result_details.aspx?​ObjectId=090000168096fa01|Council of Europe report ​2019]] about Spain. 
-===== National legislation ​=====+ 
 +==== National legislation ====
 Aragonese is neither an [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Official language:​|official language]] in the whole of Spain nor in the [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms##​Autonomous Community|Autonomous Community]] of Aragon, Spain. Aragonese is neither an [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms#​Official language:​|official language]] in the whole of Spain nor in the [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms##​Autonomous Community|Autonomous Community]] of Aragon, Spain.
-The Spanish constitution states that Castillian is the official language of Spain, but "other Spanish languages shall also be official in the respective autonomous communities in accordance with their Statutes"​ (Article 3). In response to this, several Autonomous Communities have made locally spoken languages official, but this has not happened for Aragonese.((Iris Orosia Campos Bandrés, ​Juan Pablo Martinéz Cortésand Santiago J. Paricio Martín, ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Aragonese:​ The Aragonese language in education in Spain]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))+The Spanish constitution states that Castillian is the official language of Spain, but "other Spanish languages shall also be official in the respective autonomous communities in accordance with their Statutes"​ (Article 3). In response to this, several Autonomous Communities have made locally spoken languages official, but this has not happened for Aragonese.((Juan Pablo Martinéz Cortés and Santiago J. Paricio Martín, ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Aragonese:​ The Aragonese language in education in Spain]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))
  
-===== Educational legislation ​======+==== Educational legislation =====
  
 In Spain, primary, and secondary education are regulated by the educational laws LOE (2006), and LOMCE (2013). These laws state that multilingual education is arranged in consultation with the [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms##​Autonomous Community|Autonomous Communities]]. In Spain, primary, and secondary education are regulated by the educational laws LOE (2006), and LOMCE (2013). These laws state that multilingual education is arranged in consultation with the [[general_information:​glossary_of_terms##​Autonomous Community|Autonomous Communities]].
  
-==== Primary education ​====+=== Primary education ===
 In Aragon, the pre-school curriculum states that, in areas where Aragonese and Catalan are spoken, those languages will be used as medium of instruction and will receive similar treatment as Spanish. In Aragon, the pre-school curriculum states that, in areas where Aragonese and Catalan are spoken, those languages will be used as medium of instruction and will receive similar treatment as Spanish.
  
-The curriculum for primary education (2014) states that, in some Areas of Aragon, teaching Aragonese social and cultural heritage (including the Aragonese language) is compulsory, and can be offered as an elective examinational subject. Article 19  allows schools to teach regional language during school hours, and to use these languages as medium of instruction.((Iris Orosia Campos Bandrés, ​Juan Pablo Martinéz Cortésand Santiago J. Paricio Martín, ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Aragonese:​ The Aragonese language in education in Spain]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))  +The curriculum for primary education (2014) states that, in some Areas of Aragon, teaching Aragonese social and cultural heritage (including the Aragonese language) is compulsory, and can be offered as an elective examinational subject. Article 19  allows schools to teach regional language during school hours, and to use these languages as medium of instruction.((Juan Pablo Martinéz Cortés and Santiago J. Paricio Martín, ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Aragonese:​ The Aragonese language in education in Spain]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))  
-==== Secondary education ​====+ 
 +=== Secondary education ===
 According to the LOMCE, the aim of compulsory secondary education is to ensure that students who are educated in the basic cultural elements, are able to develop and consolidate study and work habits and prepare for their incorporation into higher education or the labour market (Title I, Chapter III). According to the LOMCE, the aim of compulsory secondary education is to ensure that students who are educated in the basic cultural elements, are able to develop and consolidate study and work habits and prepare for their incorporation into higher education or the labour market (Title I, Chapter III).
  
 According to the LOMCE, the aim of the baccalaureate is to provide pupils with training, human- ​ and intellectual maturity, knowledge and skills to enable them to develop social functions and to allow them to access higher education (Title I, Chapter IV). According to the LOMCE, the aim of the baccalaureate is to provide pupils with training, human- ​ and intellectual maturity, knowledge and skills to enable them to develop social functions and to allow them to access higher education (Title I, Chapter IV).
  
-==== Teacher training ​====+=== Teacher training ===
 According to article 15 of the current LLA-2013, the government must ensure adequate initial and permanent training and, specifically,​ teacher training needed for the teaching of the regional languages. To access regional language teaching positions, teachers shall prove their knowledge of the language in the form that will be established by the regulation, taking into account the local varieties. ​ According to article 15 of the current LLA-2013, the government must ensure adequate initial and permanent training and, specifically,​ teacher training needed for the teaching of the regional languages. To access regional language teaching positions, teachers shall prove their knowledge of the language in the form that will be established by the regulation, taking into account the local varieties. ​
  
-==Modified: 23-08-2016, 16:24== 
  
----- +===== Education in practice =====
- +
-====== Education in practice ​======+
  
-===== Preschool education ​=====+==== Preschool education ====
  
 Though the curriculum states that Aragonese and Catalan are to be used as media of instruction in areas where these languages are spoken, language of instruction is Spanish in all cases. At some pre-school locations, Aragonese lessons are offered. Usually these locations are housed at primary schools, where primary school teachers also teach Aragonese at pre-school level. There are schools where all the children have to take Aragonese as a compulsory subject, where it is offered as a voluntary subject during regular class hours, and it is offered as a voluntary subject after school. ​ Though the curriculum states that Aragonese and Catalan are to be used as media of instruction in areas where these languages are spoken, language of instruction is Spanish in all cases. At some pre-school locations, Aragonese lessons are offered. Usually these locations are housed at primary schools, where primary school teachers also teach Aragonese at pre-school level. There are schools where all the children have to take Aragonese as a compulsory subject, where it is offered as a voluntary subject during regular class hours, and it is offered as a voluntary subject after school. ​
  
-Class time ranges from 30 minutes to one hour and 45 min per week.((Iris Orosia Campos Bandrés, ​Juan Pablo Martinéz Cortésand Santiago J. Paricio Martín, ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Aragonese:​ The Aragonese language in education in Spain]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))+Class time ranges from 30 minutes to one hour and 45 min per week.((Juan Pablo Martinéz Cortés and Santiago J. Paricio Martín, ‘[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Aragonese:​ The Aragonese language in education in Spain]]’, ed. by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning, Mercator Regional Dossiers))
  
 There are no teaching materials available. Usually, teachers make these themselves. There are no teaching materials available. Usually, teachers make these themselves.
  
-===== Primary education ​=====+==== Primary education ====
  
 Although Aragonese could theoretically be the language of instruction,​ according to the primary education curriculum of Aragon, no school has exercised this option. in contrast to two schools in the Catalan-speaking areas of Aragon, where science is taught using the Catalan language as the medium of instruction. ​ Although Aragonese could theoretically be the language of instruction,​ according to the primary education curriculum of Aragon, no school has exercised this option. in contrast to two schools in the Catalan-speaking areas of Aragon, where science is taught using the Catalan language as the medium of instruction. ​
Line 86: Line 87:
 Though the curriculum allows schools to offer Aragonese as a examination subject within school hours, all schools offer Aragonese as a non-examination subject outside of school hours. Students receive Aragonese between 30 minutes and 2 hours per week.  Though the curriculum allows schools to offer Aragonese as a examination subject within school hours, all schools offer Aragonese as a non-examination subject outside of school hours. Students receive Aragonese between 30 minutes and 2 hours per week. 
  
-===== Secondary education ​=====+==== Secondary education ====
  
 In the current curriculum for secondary education, established in 2007, it is possible to use Aragonese as a language of instruction for multiple courses, but this has not yet been done. The curriculum does not detail the content and pedagogical aspects of the Aragonese subject. These aspects were developed in a new ESO-level curriculum. ​ However, at the time of writing, this curriculum is not yet in use, as the new Aragonese government elected in May 2015 suspended the application of all the LOMCE curricula in compulsory and non-compulsory secondary education. In the current curriculum for secondary education, established in 2007, it is possible to use Aragonese as a language of instruction for multiple courses, but this has not yet been done. The curriculum does not detail the content and pedagogical aspects of the Aragonese subject. These aspects were developed in a new ESO-level curriculum. ​ However, at the time of writing, this curriculum is not yet in use, as the new Aragonese government elected in May 2015 suspended the application of all the LOMCE curricula in compulsory and non-compulsory secondary education.
  
-Aragonese is a voluntary subject in secondary education but has been insufficiently deployed. In recent years, Aragonese has been taught as a non-curricular subject outside school time in three high schools: IES Sobrarbe in Aínsa, IES Pirineos in Jaca and IES San Alberto Magno in Sabiñánigo. In the school year 2013/2014, for the first tim,a specialist teacher in secondary education was incorporated (including the baccalaureate),​ with students registered in Aragonese receiving two hours per week of language lessons. Previously, this class was taught by a primary school teacher. In the school year 2014/2015, Aragonese has been introduced for the first time in CRA Alto Ara, which includes the first two years of secondary education. ​+Aragonese is a voluntary subject in secondary education but has been insufficiently deployed. In recent years, Aragonese has been taught as a non-curricular subject outside school time in three high schools: IES Sobrarbe in Aínsa, IES Pirineos in Jaca and IES San Alberto Magno in Sabiñánigo. In the school year 2013/2014, for the first time, a specialist teacher in secondary education was incorporated (including the baccalaureate),​ with students registered in Aragonese receiving two hours per week of language lessons. Previously, this class was taught by a primary school teacher. In the school year 2014/2015, Aragonese has been introduced for the first time in CRA Alto Ara, which includes the first two years of secondary education. ​
  
-===== Adult education ​=====+==== Adult education ====
  
 The Aragonese language is taught in several adult courses throughout Aragon and not exclusively in the actual territory of the language. Therefore, in areas of central and southern Aragon like Tarazona, Calatayud, Andorra and Teruel, cultural associations teach the standard variety. The standard variety is also taught in other towns near the Pyrenees where the language has been lost. Huesca, Barbastro or Monzón, among other important cities, have introductory courses. Finally, in villages where Aragonese is still actively used, there are courses in the local variety. ​ The Aragonese language is taught in several adult courses throughout Aragon and not exclusively in the actual territory of the language. Therefore, in areas of central and southern Aragon like Tarazona, Calatayud, Andorra and Teruel, cultural associations teach the standard variety. The standard variety is also taught in other towns near the Pyrenees where the language has been lost. Huesca, Barbastro or Monzón, among other important cities, have introductory courses. Finally, in villages where Aragonese is still actively used, there are courses in the local variety. ​
Line 98: Line 99:
 Zaragoza is the central and main city of Aragon with a population of 700,000 people. Throughout history migration took place from the rural areas to Zaragoza. The number of courses given and the numbers of students following Aragonese language courses are the highest in Zaragoza. Zaragoza is the central and main city of Aragon with a population of 700,000 people. Throughout history migration took place from the rural areas to Zaragoza. The number of courses given and the numbers of students following Aragonese language courses are the highest in Zaragoza.
  
----- 
  
-====== Learning resources and educational institutions ​======+===== Learning resources and educational institutions =====
 The [[http://​wzar.unizar.es/​|University of Zaragoza]] offers the possibility to study the Bachelor’s degree in Magisterio (teaching) both for pre-primary and primary education, which is the required degree to become a teacher in these educational stages. These degrees can be done in Huesca, Zaragoza and Teruel. In order to teach in secondary education, teachers must also complete a Máster de Profesorado en Educación Secundaria (Master’s degree programme in secondary education teaching), in addition to a Bachelor’s degree (or equivalent). This official master is offered in the campuses of Zaragoza, Huesca and Teruel. The [[http://​wzar.unizar.es/​|University of Zaragoza]] offers the possibility to study the Bachelor’s degree in Magisterio (teaching) both for pre-primary and primary education, which is the required degree to become a teacher in these educational stages. These degrees can be done in Huesca, Zaragoza and Teruel. In order to teach in secondary education, teachers must also complete a Máster de Profesorado en Educación Secundaria (Master’s degree programme in secondary education teaching), in addition to a Bachelor’s degree (or equivalent). This official master is offered in the campuses of Zaragoza, Huesca and Teruel.
  
 +====educational instititions ====
 [[http://​cprhuesca.org |CIFE Ana Abarca de Bolea]] (Educational Formation and Innovation Centre covering the Aragonese-speaking area) [[http://​cprhuesca.org |CIFE Ana Abarca de Bolea]] (Educational Formation and Innovation Centre covering the Aragonese-speaking area)
  
Line 119: Line 120:
 [[https://​sites.google.com/​site/​sociedat|Sociedat de Lingüistica Aragonesa ]] (Cultural Association for language study, promotion and teaching) [[https://​sites.google.com/​site/​sociedat|Sociedat de Lingüistica Aragonesa ]] (Cultural Association for language study, promotion and teaching)
  
-[[http://​ambistas.com|Ambistas/​Anvistas ]] (Documentary film and web-doc about Aragonese)+==== learning resources ==== 
 + 
 +[[http://​ambistas.com|Ambistas/​Anvistas ]] Documentary film and web-doc about Aragonese
  
 [[http://​www.acparola.com/​aaa/?​section=2| ​ [[http://​www.acparola.com/​aaa/?​section=2| ​
-Archivo Audiovisual de l’Aragonés]] ​(Audiovisual Archive of Aragonese: repository of videos of native Aragonese speakers)+Archivo Audiovisual de l’Aragonés]] Audiovisual Archive of Aragonese: repository of videos of native Aragonese speakers 
 + 
 +[[http://​www.academiadelaragones.org/​GBA_v0.1_.pdf|Gramatica Basica De L'​Aragonés]] Grammar book by the Adademia del Aragones (Spanish) 
 + 
 + 
 +[[http://​www.charrando.com/​info.php|Charrando]] basic overview of grammar and lexicon (Spanish) 
 + 
 +[[http://​aragonese.aragonais.free.fr/​index.php|Langoland]] words, numbers and phrases 
 + 
 +[[https://​www.omniglot.com/​writing/​aragonese.php|Omniglot]] words, numbers, phrases.
  
-[[http://​www.arredol.com |Arredol.com ]](A digital newspaper in Aragonese)+[[http://​www.arredol.com |Arredol]] A digital newspaper in Aragonese
  
 ---- ----
Line 130: Line 142:
 ====== Mercator'​s Regional Dossier ====== ====== Mercator'​s Regional Dossier ======
  
-[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|{{:​images:​dossier.png?​nolink|}}]][[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Read more]] about the Aragonese language education in Mercator'​s Regional Dossier (2016).+[[http://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​dossiers_pdf/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|{{:​images:​dossier.png?​nolink|}}]][[https://​www.mercator-research.eu/​fileadmin/​mercator/​documents/​regional_dossiers/​aragonese_in_spain.pdf|Read more]] about the Aragonese language education in Mercator'​s Regional Dossier (2017).
languages/aragonese_in_spain.1489762673.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/03/17 15:57 by johanneke

Creative Commons License
Mercator's wiki on minority language education by Mercator European Research Centre on Multilingualism and Language Learning
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at www.mercatorwiki.eu.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at www.mercator-research.eu.